Information For Authors

Aims and Scope

Journal of Tourismology (JoT) publishes two issues per year; one in December and the other in June. JoT is an open access journal without any submission or processing charges or fees that aims to be a comprehensive and innovative publication for scholars to present views and ideas at international level on key issues that shape tourism knowledge and industry from past to present.

The objectives of the journal are: (i) To present the latest disciplinary/multidisciplinary set of views and trends on tourism; (ii) To contribute a deeper understanding of international tourism devolopment; (iii) To create and disseminate knowledge by providing insights into developments, issues and methods in tourism research

JoT strongly encourages scholars and professionals in the tourism to share their ideas and research through the journal.  Submitted papers should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. All submissions are double blind refereed which takes on average 6 weeks. The journal's contents reflect its integrative approach - theoretical, empirical or policy-related papers, discussion of current issues, case studies, reports, book reviews, research notes and forthcoming meetings might be submitted to the journal. The topics of journal include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Tourism theory
  • Tourism research and methodology
  • Advances in tourism development, planning and  policy-making
  • Tourism education and its role in managing tourism development
  • Economic/social/environmental/cultural impact of tourism and sustainability
  • Hospitality, gastronomy, transportation, attractions, recreations, leisure studies
  • Tourism industry, marketing, organizational aspects, technology
  • Cross-cultural differences- tourist and traveler behavior
  • Tourism sociology and psychology
  • Alternative and special forms of tourism
  • Terrorism, safety and security in tourism
  • Globalisation and tourism
  • Future of tourism

Standards and Principles of Publication Ethics

Journal of Tourismology is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and pays regard to Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) onhttps://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Authors must ensure that submitted work is original. They must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere, in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions must be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) must be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement. Any work or words of other authors, contributors, or sources must be appropriately credited and referenced.

Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two referees under double-blind peer review process. Plagiarism, duplication, fraud authorship/denied authorship, research/data fabrication, salami slicing/salami publication, breaching of copyrights, prevailing conflict of interest are unnethical behaviors.

All manuscripts not in accordance with the accepted ethical standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.

Research Ethics

Journal of Tourismology adheres to the highest standards in research ethics and follows the principles of international research ethics as defined below. The authors are responsible for the compliance of the manuscripts with the ethical rules.

-    Principles of integrity, quality and transparency should be sustained in designing the research, reviewing the design and conducting the research.

-    The research team and participants should be fully informed about the aim, methods, possible uses and requirements of the research and risks of participation in research.

-    The confidentiality of the information provided by the research participants and the confidentiality of the respondents should be ensured. The research should be designed to protect the autonomy and dignity of the participants.

-    Research participants should participate in the research voluntarily, not under any coercion.

-    Any possible harm to participants must be avoided. The research should be planned in such a way that the participants are not at risk.

-    The independence of research must be clear; and any conflict of interest or must be disclosed.

-    In experimental studies with human subjects, written informed consent of the participants who decide to participate in the research must be obtained. In the case of children and those under wardship or with confirmed insanity, legal custodian’s assent must be obtained.

-    If the study is to be carried out in any institution or organization, approval must be obtained from this institution or organization.

-    In studies with human subject, it must be noted in the method’s section of the manuscript that the informed consent of the participants and ethics committee approval from the institution where the study has been conducted have been obtained.


Publication Policy

The subjects covered in the manuscripts submitted to the Journal for publication must be in accordance with the aim and scope of the Journal. The Journal gives priority to original research papers submitted for publication.

General Principles

Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by editor-in-chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope.

Short presentations that took place in scientific meetings can be referred if indicated in the article. The editor hands over the papers matching the formal rules to at least two national/international referees for evaluation and gives green light for publication upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees’ claims. Changing the name of an author (omission, addition or order) in papers submitted to the Journal requires written permission of all declared authors. Refused manuscripts and graphics are not returned to the author. The copyright of the published articles and pictures belong to the Journal.

Author Responsibilities

It is authors’ responsibility to ensure that the article is in accordance with scientific and ethical standards and rules. And authors must ensure that submitted work is original. They must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere, in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions must be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) must be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement. Any work or words of other authors, contributors, or sources must be appropriately credited and referenced.

All the authors of a submitted manuscript must have direct scientific and academic contribution to the manuscript. The author(s) of the original research articles is defined as a person who is significantly involved in “conceptualization and design of the study”, “collecting the data”, “analyzing the data”, “writing the manuscript”, “reviewing the manuscript with a critical perspective” and “planning/conducting the study of the manuscript and/or revising it”. Fund raising, data collection or supervision of the research group are not sufficient roles to be accepted as an author. The author(s) must meet all these criteria described above. The order of names in the author list of an article must be a co-decision and it must be indicated in the Copyright Transfer Form. The individuals who do not meet the authorship criteria but contributed to the study must take place in the acknowledgement section. Individuals providing technical support, assisting writing, providing a general support, providing material or financial support are examples to be indicated in acknowledgement section.

All authors must disclose all issues concerning financial relationship, conflict of interest, and competing interest that may potentially influence the results of the research or scientific judgment.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published paper, it is the author’s obligation to promptly cooperate with the Editor-in-Chief to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

Peer Review Process

 Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by editor-in-chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope.  Editor-in-chief evaluates manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors and ensures a fair double-blind peer review of the selected manuscripts.

The selected manuscripts are sent to at least two national/international referees for evaluation and publication decision is given by editor-in-chief  upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees’ claims.

Editor in chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal.

Reviewers’ judgments must be objective. Reviewers’ comments on the following aspects are expected while conducting the review.

-    Does the manuscript contain new and significant information?

-    Does the abstract clearly and accurately describe the content of the manuscript?

-    Is the problem significant and concisely stated?

-    Are the methods described comprehensively?

-    Are the interpretations and consclusions justified by the results?

-    Is adequate references made to other Works in the field?

-    Is the language acceptable?

Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The anonymity of the referees is important.


Journal of Tourismology, tüm içeriği okura ya da okurun dahil olduğu kuruma ücretsiz olarak sunulur. Okurlar, ticari amaç haricinde, yayıncı ya da yazardan izin almadan dergi makalelerinin tam metnini okuyabilir, indirebilir, kopyalayabilir, arayabilir ve link sağlayabilir.
Journal of Tourismology makaleleri açık erişimlidir ve Creative Commons Atıf-GayrıTicari 4.0 Uluslararası (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.tr ) olarak lisanslıdır.

Journal of Tourismology is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Except for commercial purposes, users are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
The articles in Journal of Tourismology are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.en)

Ensure that the following items are present:

    Cover letter to the editor

    The category of the manuscript

    Confirming that “the paper is not under consideration for publication in another journal”.

    Including disclosure of any commercial or financial involvement.

    Confirming that last control for fluent English was done.

    Confirming that journal policies detailed in Information for Authors have been reviewed.

    Confirming that the references cited in the text and listed in the references section are in

line with OSCOLA 4th Edition.

    Copyright Transfer Form

    Permission of previous published material if used in the present manuscript

    Title page

    The category of the manuscript

    The title of the manuscript both in the language of article and in English

    All authors’ names and affiliations (institution, faculty/department, city, country),

e-mail addresses

    Corresponding author’s email address, full postal address, telephone and fax number

    ORCIDs of all authors.

    Main Manuscript Document

    The title of the manuscript both in the language of article and in English

    Abstracts (200-250 words) both in the language of article and in English

    Key words: 5 words both in the language of article and in English

    Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English for the articles which are not in English

    Acknowledgement (if exists)

    References

    All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)


Notes for Contributors

1. What does  Journal of Tourismology publish?

1.1. Aim and Scope

Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Tourismology, please review the "Aim and Scope" page of the journal. Research that are not covered by the scope of the journal will be desk rejected.​

1.2. Application Types

The works submitted for publication are first reviewed by the Chief Editor in terms of their purpose, subject, content, manner of presentation and compliance with the writing rules. Submissions should not exceed 9000 words, excluding supporting matierials. JoT basic editorial evaluation criteria are as follows:

(1) Scientific and practical contribution.

(2) Conceptual framework and quality of discussion.

(3) The methodology and conceptual framework used.

(4) Quality and originality of findings.

(5) Discussions and quality of theoretical and practical implications.

1.2.1. Original Article

In the Journal of Tourismology, it is aimed to publish analytical / theoretical studies which reveal the basic problems related to tourism and suggest original solutions. However, in particular research attention is paid to certain aspects:

(a) It is expected that the theoretical framework on which the research is based will be expressed in a comprehensive manner.

(b) It is expected that the research will provide theoretical and practical contribution to the field.

(c) The author(s) is expected to make original contributions to the discipline of tourismology.

(d) It is expected that the work is unique and that the argument presented is consistent.

1.2.2. Research Article

Manuscripts to be sent to the Journal of Tourismology;

(a) be prepared using quantitative, qualitative, or mixed research design.

(b) there is an extant literature review and meta-analysis that comprehensively reviews recent literature on the concepts discussed in the paper.

(c) attention to be paid in the proposal of a model that can be practically applied to tourism.

1.2.3. Book Review

Journal of Tourismology also publishes book reviews. Book evaluations should not exceed 1000 words. Published reviews also have DOI (Digital Object Identifier) numbers as in articles, and are submitted to indexes where the journal is included.

2. Editorial Policy

2.1. Peer Review Process

Peer review process -which is shown in Figure- is being followed for assessing the validity and quality of the submitted articles to Journal of Tourismology. Each manuscript is sent to three reviewers. JoT strongly aims to improve the quality of published articles through the peer review process.

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As a type of peer review, double blind review is utilized in JoT. The identities of both reviewers and authors are concealed from each other throughout the review. While author anonymity prevents any reviewer bias to happen; the reviewers anonymity stands as one of the priorities of JoT.

2.2. Evaluation Processes

An editorial preliminary evaluation of a submitted work is completed within 30 days. If found suitable the manuscript is sent to three reviewers. The first round of review takes about 2-4 months. This period can be extended due to the workload of the referees in the area concerned.

Authors are expected to address each review in a separate response letter and highlight amendments made on the main document.

2.3. Authors & Co-authors

All persons with a certain level of contribution to the work must be specified as authors. The order of the authors shall not take into account the titles and positions of the authors. For the studies produced from masters and doctoral thesis, the owner of the thesis should be listed as the primary author.

2.4. Acknowledgements

If there are people or institutions that have contributed to the study (such as technical support, data collection, financial support, etc.) other than author(s), they should be listed on the title page.

2.5. Funding

If funding for the study was received, authors need to identify their funding sources.

2.6. Conflict of Interest Conflict

The writers are expected to declare all conflicts of interest relating to their work.

3. Publication Policies

3.1. Broadcast

JoT adopts publishing policy based on academic integrity and ethics. Review our "Committee on Publication Ethics" statement and Istanbul University Publications ethical guidelines.

JoT is publishing according to this declaration of COPE.

3.2. Plagiarism

Istanbul University and Journal of Tourismology; has strict guidelines for copyright, plagiarism and publishing. We constantly investigate plagiarism allegations or abuses to protect the author's rights and respect for the journal. All applications are reviewed by a plagiarism prevention software (i.e. iThenticate) before during and after reviewing process. Similiarity reports should score below 35% and all other ethical guidelines apply. We reserve the right to actively initiate actions on this subject if, as a result of these investigations, we find a problem with an application related to plagiarism, the third party's unauthorized use of copyright, inadequate notification or writing of the article. If these conditions are identified in a published article (i) publishing erratum or corrigendum; (ii) withdrawing the article from the publication; (iii) we may initiate various legal proceedings in the form of notifying the relevant authors' institutions.



3.3. Copyright Policy

Journal of Tourismology Creative Commons is licensed with CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Thus, open access is released for public use. However, Istanbul University Press also makes a license agreement with the corresponding author of the work in order to publish the manuscript in full text on various other platforms (web page, databases, indexes, promotion circles etc.).



Creative Commons license can be reached from this link.



Creative Commons Trademark Policy can be reached from this link.



3.4. Open Access Policy

By "open access" to this journal, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution and the only role for copyright in this domain should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. 

Further information can be reached from this link.



4. Manuscript Format

4.1. General

You can access the Journal of Tourismology's editorial guidelines from the [01_formatting_and_content_requirements_for_manuscripts.pdf].

4.2. Basic Reference Documents

Prepare your work in a word processor program, preferably Microsoft Word (.doc, .docx, etc.).

Journal of Tourismology expects applicants to prepare their applications as two documents (title page, and main text).

Make sure that the elements in your file are large enough to be readable, especially tables and pictures. Certain file formats do not produce high resolution, such as .jpg and .gif; for this reason, use .tif format when recording your images.

Give the document a simple name. Do not use special characters, punctuation marks, symbols in the file name; Be careful not to leave spaces in the file name.

Please send additional documents (scale form, original data set, etc.) that you think are useful to the editors or referees during their review.

4.2.1. Main Text

Please see [04_main_document.pdf] for a sample text on the structure of the main text.

Important Note: The main document you upload should not contain author names, affiliations or any other information that might identify authors; If the work is produced from a presentation, a report, a thesis, there should be no information about these. Be sure to remove this information from the main document before uploading. Such information should be included on the Title Page.

4.2.2. Title Page

Please review the [03_title_page.pdf] file for a sample text of how the Title Page will look.

All authors should include the following information on the Title Page:

(i) full names

(ii) institutional information

(iii) addresses

(iv) e-mail addresses

(v) acknowledgements

4.3. References

JoT adopts the sixth edition of the Writing Guide developed by the American Psychological Association is preferred. Review the APA Guideline file [02_basic_citation_formats_and_reference_examples.pdf] to find out how to use it in the text.

4.4. Language

Journal of Tourismology accepts manuscipts in English language. All submissions received are first reviewed in terms of language competences before being sent for review. Manuscipts which have major language issues will be sent back to the authors for language correction and editing.

5. ORCID

JoT supports ethical, transparent and fair editorial and referee evaluation process. In this context, Istanbul University supports the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) platform. ORCID matches the researcher's previous activities by assigning a digital ID number to disaggregate researchers. In the articles published in Journal of Tourismology, authors are included with the ORCID numbers. If your ORCID number is not yet available, you can retrieve it here [http://orcid.org/register].

6. Submit the application

Follow the directions below to submit a manuscript to the Journal of Tourismology'online submission system.

7. Publication Process

7.1. After Acceptance

After copyright processes are complete all accepted work is sent to the proofreading and editing.


7.2. OnlineFirst

OnlineFirst is the medium where Istanbul University publishes ready-to-print articles online before the press. In a published article on OnlineFirst, the volume is published with DOI (Digital Object Identifiers) number,.

The article is removed from the OnlineFirst page when it is published, and assigned in a published volume.

An accepted publication is published as OnlineFirst within 30 days.

8. Contact

If you have any questions about Journal of Tourismology, you can contact tourismology@istanbul.edu.tr by e-mail.


Manuscript Submission Guide

Before beginning the online submission process please read the Information for Authors and make sure you have the followings available:

Cover letter to the editor

    • The category of the manuscript
    • Confirming that “the paper is not under consideration for publication in another journal”.
    • Including disclosure of any commercial or financial involvement.
    • Confirming that the statistical design of the research article is reviewed.
    • Confirming that last control for fluent English was done.
    • Confirming that journal policies detailed in Information for Authors have been reviewed.
    • Confirming that the references cited in the text and listed in the references section are in line with APA 6.

Copyright Transfer Form

Permission of previous published material if used in the present manuscript

Title page

    • The category of the manuscript
    • The title of the manuscript both in the language of the article and in English
    • All authors’ names and affiliations (institution, faculty/department, city, country), e-mail addresses
    • Corresponding author’s email address, full postal address, telephone and fax number
    • ORCIDs of all authors.

Main Manuscript Document

    • The title of the manuscript both in the language of the article and in English
    • Abstracts (200-250 words) both in the language of the article and in English
    • Key words: 5 words both in the language of the article and in English
    • Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English (only for articles which are not in English)
    • Main article sections
    • Acknowledgement (if exits)
    • References
    • All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

Manuscript Submission

  • ScholarOne manuscript submission site of the journal is: http://mc04.manuscriptcentral.com/tourismology
  • The manuscript must be submitted through the account of the corresponding author. The account of authors other than the corresponding author or someone else who is not included as an author in the work must not be used for submission. All correspondence regarding the submission is made with the corresponding author through e-mail via the ScholarOne system.
  • To login to the ScholarOne manuscript submission system, you must have a User ID and password. If you do not have a username and password, you must follow the instructions in the Create Account at ScholarOne manuscript submission site of the journal.
  • If you experience problems with your account, please do not create a new one and contact Litera Editorial Office via tourismology@istanbul.edu.tr
  • When you log in, click the Author button at the top of the page.
  • Clicking the Author button, you will access Author Dashboard. By clicking Unsubmitted and Manuscripts in Draft heading on the Dashboard you can access your unsubmitted manuscripts. To make a new submission, please click Start New Submission.
  • Manuscript submission is a 7-step process. At any stage you can stop the submission process; everything you have typed into the system will be saved. You can continue to your semi- completed submission by viewing it in the Unsubmitted and Manuscript in Draft section. 
  • The 2nd step in the submission process is to upload your manuscript. 
  • To upload files; Select the file you want to upload from the Selection File button. Specify the file type from the File Designation button beside. 
  • While uploading Main Document, make sure that the main document has no information that clarify the author’s identity. Due to double blind peer review, Main Document must not include Title Page, the name of author or any other detail that can disclose the author identity. 
  • Additionaly, Supplemental File for Review must not include any detail that can disclose author identity as well.

Files to be uploaded separately

  • Copyright Transfer Form
  • Permissions obtained for previously published material if used in the present manuscript
  • Title page
  • Main Manuscript Document
    • The title of the manuscript both in the language of the article and in English
    • Abstracts (200-250 words) both in the language of the article and in English
    • Key words: 5 words both in Turkish and in English
    • Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English (only for articles which are not in English)
    • Main article sections
    • Acknowledgement (if exists)
    • References
    • All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

  • Clicking the Upload Selected Files, the files mentioned above will be uploaded and automatically converted to PDF files on the system.
  • After uploading,  please click on PDF button and view your files. If the uploaded files have flaws, you can delete the files and repeat upload process.
  • Cover letter can be uploaded on the 6th step in the submission process. The final step in manuscript submission process lists all the information you have submitted.  The complete information will be indicated by a green check (). If incomplete, there will be a red cross (x) check. Once you have completed the submission process to your satisfaction click on the submit button.
  • Once the manuscript submission is completed, verification screen including your Manuscript ID will appear, and you will be notified via email.
  • If verification screen does not appear, and you do not receive the email then your application is not completed. In this case your application is in the Unsubmitted and Manuscripts in Drafts section.


Decription

Journal of Tourismology brings together research in all fields related to tourism and hospitality including hospitality management, tourism planning and policy, leisure and recreation, tourism sociology, tourism psychology. It includes both theoretical and applied research papers and provide information both for academia and practitioners in tourism & hospitality disciplines.

Submission Process

Article submission is done via online system. To submit article and to check the status of current submissions, you must register and login.

If you have username/password, you can click in the below link to log into the system (Log In).

If you don’t have username/password, you must register by clicking the below link (Create An Account).

After you have logged into the system, you can load the manuscript and cover page after reading the instructions below.

Author Guidelines

Instructions for authors

Please read the the following instructions in order to ensure your paper matches the journal's editorial requirements.

Manuscript preparation

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

1. General Guidelines

Papers are accepted in English

PDF versions are not accepted, article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format.

Uploading of submissions must consist of two files including cover page and main article.

Authors full names, affiliations, postal addresses, telephone numbers and email addresses must be written clearly on the cover page with the title of the article.

All parties who have a reasonable claim to authorship must be named in the manuscript as co-authors; the corresponding author must be authorized by all co-authors to act on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript, and the order of names should be agreed by all authors.

A typical paper will not exceed 9.0000 words including tables and references. However, JoT also makes exceptions for extended papers who are able justify additional length.

Papers should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text; references.

The abstract should not exceed 200 words. Each article should have 5 to 6 keywords.

Section headings should be concise.

2. Style guidelines

Font: Times New Roman, 12. Margins have of at least 2.5 cm all round

Title: Times New Roman, 12 bold

Authors’ names: Give the names of all contributing authors on the title page exactly as you wish them to appear in the published article. Times New Roman, 12 point.

Affiliations: List the affiliation and contact details of each author (department, university, city, country, e-mail) at the cover page. Times New Roman, 12 point.

Abstract: The abstract should not exceed 200 words.

Keywords: Each manuscript should have 5 to 6 keywords.

Headings: Please indicate the level of the section headings in your article:

Main headings (e.g. Abstract, Introduction, Literatur Review, Methodology, Conclusion, References) should be in Times New Roman 12 point bold,

Subsection headings should be in Times New Roman 12 point bold italics.

Tables: Please submit tables as editable text format and not as images. Headings of tables should be in Times New Roman 12 point bold. Numbers of tables should appear consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and any table notes should be placed below the table body.

Figures: Headings of figures should be in Times New Roman 12 point bold. All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2).

References

Referencing Styles

Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition.

List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

Examples

Reference to a journal publication:

Cetin, G., & Yarcan, S. (2017). The professional relationship between tour guides and tour operators. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 17(4), 345-357.

Reference to a book

Jacob, J. and Chestnut, R. W. (1978). Brand Loyalty, Measurement and Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book

McKinney, C., & Smith, N. (2005). Te Tiriti o Waitangi or The Treaty of Waitangi: What is the difference? In D. Wepa (Ed.), Cultural safety in Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 39-57). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education New Zealand.

Reference to a website

Horwath HTL (2015). “Special Market Reports – Turkey”. Retrieved from http://horwathhtl.com/files/2015/10/MR47_Turkey.pdf 11.05.2016